Cayman Islands law allows exempted companies, exempted limited duration companies, exempted limited duration companies, exempted segregated portfolio companies, ordinary non-resident companies, ordinary (local) resident companies, foreign (overseas) companies, and continuations. Certain business activities require licenses even though conducted offshore, regardless of the category of company concerned. These include banking and trust business, insurance, reinsurance and insurance related business, companies' management, and mutual fund business.
In July 2000 the Monetary Authority Law was amended to enlarge the regulatory powers of the Cayman Islands Monetary Authority. The legislation also granted the regulator the power to assist overseas regulators by disclosing information about overseas clients that would help in investigations. The Banks and Trust Companies Law and the Companies Management Law were also amended in order to allow the Cayman's regulator access to information or documentation relating to clients of entities licensed under those laws without having to obtain a court order. The Caymans also issued the Proceed of Criminal Conduct Law (Money Laundering) Regulations 2000 and in April 2001 issued guidance notes on the prevention and detection of money laundering. In 2001 amendments have been made to the bank and trust company law, insurance law and mutual funds law empowering the monetary authority to conduct fit and proper test of directors, officers and shareholders of institutions licensed to operate within or from within the Cayman Islands. Further amendments to the Banks and Trust Law (2000 Revision) require all class B banks which are not branches or subsidiaries of banks licensed in other jurisdiction to establish a physical presence in the Cayman Islands. These banks will be required to maintain books and records and adequate resources (including staff and facilities) in the jurisdiction.
The Financial Action Task Force listed the Cayman Islands as among 15 jurisdictions deemed to be 'un-cooperative' in taking regulatory action against money laundering in 2000. The jurisdiction was removed from the blacklist in June 2001 after amending its anti-money laundering regime. In 2000 the Cayman Islands made a commitment to the Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development agreeing to exchange information with overseas authorities in criminal tax matters by 31 December 2003 and in civil tax matters by 31 December 2005.
The government imposes no direct taxes, but raises its revenues from duties, license and registration fees, and taxes on visitor arrivals. There are no exchange controls. A private sector consultative committee meets regularly with members of the Legislative Assembly to discuss business concerns. There is no corporation tax, income tax, capital gains tax, inheritance tax, gift tax, wealth tax, or any other tax applicable to a company conducting offshore business. An exempted company is entitled to receive an undertaking from the government that no tax will be imposed on its operations for up to a period of thirty years. A twenty year guarantee is granted by the government in the first instance, but is usually renewable for a further ten years upon expiry.
The Cayman Islands Stock Exchange (CSX) was set up in July 1997. The CSX now has about 650 listings with a market capitalisation of about US$40 billion. The CSX is a fully electronic exchange. The listing rules are tailored to these specialist products, including hedge funds and mutual funds. The CSX also lists derivative warrants, specialist debt instruments as well as plain equity (domestic and international).
Brochures from government's financial services unit (PDFs):
The Cayman Islands Monetary Authority
PO Box 10052 APO
Tel: 345 945-7089
Registrar of Companies,
Ground Floor, Tower Building,
Grand Cayman, B.W.I.
Tel: (345) 949-7999
Fax: (345) 949-0969
38,410 of which 59% Caymanians (estimate 1999)
The Cayman Islands dollar is pegged to the US dollar at US$1 = CI$0.8
Based on British common law with local changes. Juvenile Court; Summary Court; Grand Court; and the Cayman Islands Court of Appeal. Final appeals go to the Privy Council in the UK.
The Caymans is a UK overseas territory. The governor, appointed by the British Crown, is the head of government. Cayman has an 18-seat Legislative Assembly with three official members and 15 members elected by popular vote.
The Executive Council is made up of the governor who in turn appoints three ex-officio members: the attorney-general, the financial secretary, and the chief secretary. The Legislative Assembly chooses five of its members to sit on the Executive Council. There is no chief minister. The chief secretary is the first official member of the Executive Council, and acts as governor in his absence.
Governor Bruce Dinwiddy
Chief Secretary: James Ryan
Attorney General: David Ballantyne
Financial Secretary: George McCarthy
Leader of government business, tourism, environment, development and commerce: McKeeva Bush
Deputy leader of government business, health services, district administration and agriculture: Gilbert McLean
Planning, communications, works and information technology: Juliana O’Connor-Connolly
Education, human resources and culture: Roy Bodden
Community services, youth and women’s affairs: Frank McField
Held every four years. The last general election was held on 8 November 2000. The next election is scheduled for 17 November 2004. During the election for the Legislative Assembly held 8 November 2000, no national teams (loose alliances) were formed. Eight seats were won by teams formed at the district level. The new assembly has eight incumbents, six new legislators and one re-elected member (prior service 1988-96). In 2001 the United Democratic Party (UDP) was formed by 10 members of the Legislative Assembly and led by McKeeva Bush. On 8 November 2001 the new party voted out Kurt Tibbets as leader of the government. Bush, the tourism minister, was installed in his place.
United Democratic Party (UDP): leader McKeeva Bush
People’s Progressive Movement (PPM): Kurt Tibbetts
The economy is dependent on tourism and international business — mainly the financial services industry (banks and mutual funds). In 2002, the financial services industry recorded healthy growth in key areas. In 2002 registrations of mutual funds increased by 17.5% to 4,285 compared to 3,648 registrations in 2001. The number of insurance licences increased by 10% to 629 in 2002 from 572 in 2001. The total number listed issues at the Cayman Islands Stock Exchange reached 710 in 2002, compared to 418 in 2001.Meanwhile, company registrations, bank licences and stock market capitalisation declined. New company registrations in 2002 amounted to 7,016, a decline of 1,440 compared to the previous year. There were 65,259 companies on the register at the end of 2002, an increase of 1.2% over 2001. The total number of bank and trust licences fell by 37, to 508 in 2002 from 545 licences in 2001. In the tourism sector total visitor arrivals increased by 21% to 1,877,547 in 2002 compared to arrivals in 2001. The increase was due to cruise arrivals, which rose by 29.6% to 1,574,750 in 2002. The number of stay-over visitors declined by 9.4% to 302,797.
Gross Domestic Product (2002)
Estimated: 1.7% 2002
Inflation rate (CPI) (2002)
Labour force (October 2002)
5.4% unemployment rate. Employment: about 27,000 persons, of which 10,600 were Cayman residents and 16,200 were expatriates.
Government accounts (2003-2004 budget)
Operating expenditure is forecast at C$303.7 million, with revenues of C$309.4 million, with 70% of the total coming from duties and fees. Capital expenditure of C$12 million and other funding add C$27.4 million to the budget. Of that total C$10.6 million has been allocated to subsidies for Cayman Airways Ltd. and for the Health Services Authority to cover operating losses during the previous financial year. New borrowing is estimated at C$8 million, which is less than the level of debt repayments, and results in a C$1 million net reduction in the overall level of public debt. Government financial year: 1 July-30 June.
Public holidays (2004)
1 January (New Year’s Day); 26 January (National Heroes Day); 25 February (Ash Wednesday), 9 April (Good Friday); 12 April (Easter Monday), 17 May (Discovery Day); 14 June (Queen's Birthday); 5 July (Constitution Day); 15 November (Remembrance Day); 27 December (Christmas observed); 28 December (Boxing Day observed).
GMT minus 5. No conversion to daylight saving time in summer.
Cayman Islands’ Monetary Authority
Conyers Dill & Pearman